Significant Earth and Life Sciences Sites and Historical Zones in Algonquin Park and Surrounding Areas

This page provides a listing of the significant earth and life sciences sites and Historical Zones in Algonquin Park and surrounding areas. In particular it lists the Nature Reserve Zones, Special Management Areas and Historical Zones in Algonquin Park and less extensively, it also identifies some features of similar significance outside of the Park (with more to come).

The intent is to identify various points of interest in and around Algonquin Park and then to develop standalone pages that provide further information and photos. This page will thus provide an index to those pages. The focus will be on the eastern side of the Park.

The key document with respect to the sites within the Park is the Algonquin Provincial Park Management Plan. Identification of sites and information concerning the natural values being protected is often available from the Natural Heritage Information Centre. Another useful guide is A Nature Guide to Ontario by the Federation of Ontario Naturalists (now Ontario Nature). This latter reference is most useful for sites outside of the Park.

Barron Canyon in Algonquin Park

(photo by Bob: 2006-04-27 - explore

The Barron Canyon Nature Reserve (N57, 1076 ha) is a provincially significant upland forest and outcrop complex and is part of the Ottawa Bonnechere Graben.

Nature Reserve Zones in Algonquin Park

From the Algonquin Park Management Plan:

Nature Reserve Zones include any significant earth and life science fores that require management distinct from that in adjacent zones.

Implicit in this statement is that these features require enhanced protection.

N1 - Cameron Creek Bog
Provincially significant wetland complex (165 ha).
N2 - David Creek Bog
Provincially significant peatland complex (214 ha).
N3 - Sunkitten Lake Bog
Locally significant peatland complex (240 ha).
N4 - Keegos Lake Bog
Provincially significant peatland complex (418 ha).
N5 - Thomas Lake Kettle Bog
Locally significant peatland complex (17 ha).
N6 - Hogan Lake Mog
Provincially significant wetland complex. Locally significant morainic ridges. (770 ha).
N7 - Bonanza Bay Marsh
Provincially significant marsh and deciduous swamp forest (92 ha).
N8 - Grand Lake Marsh
Regionally significant wetland complex (51 ha).
N9 - Cedar - Nipissing Marsh
Provincially significant marsh complex (121 ha).
N10 - Costello Creek Bog
Regionally significant wetland & granitic outcrop complex (614 ha).
N11 - Grassy Bay Mog
Locally significant wetland and kame complex (942 ha).
N12 - Hailstorm Creek & Kame Complex
Provincially significant wetland complex. Regionally significant kame complex. (1613 ha).
N13 - Booth Lake Bog
Regionally significant wetland complex (319 ha).
N14 - Bonnechere Sedge Meadow
Regionally significant wetland complex (31 ha).
N15 - Clyde Marsh
Regionally significant wetland and cliff complex (183 ha).
N16 - Carcajou Sedge Meadow
Regionally significant wetland complex (133 ha).
N17 - Nipissing River Sedge Meadow
Regionally significant wetland complex (180 ha).
N18 - Kingscote Lake Hardwoods
Regionally significant hardwood forest (96 ha).
N19 - Nadine Lake Hardwoods
Provincially significant upland hardwood forest and shoreline complex (1091 ha).
N20 - Carl Wilson Lake Hardwoods
Provincially significant upland forest and outcrop complex (504 ha).
N21 - Dickson Lake Hardwoods
Provincially significant upland forest & wetland complex (104 ha).
N22 - Minto Lake Hardwoods
Regionally significant upland forest (259 ha).
N23 - Wenda Lake Hardwoods
Provincially significant upland forest (730 ha).
N24 - Whitson Lake
Provincially significant upland, lowland forest & wetland complex (755 ha).
N25 - Oxtongue River Silver Maple
Locally significant lowland forest (144 ha).
N26 - Rana Lake Red Oak
Provincially significant upland forest (487 ha).
N27 - McManus Lake Basswood Stand
Regionally significant upland forest & shore vegetation (47 ha).
N28 - Wilkes Lake Basswood
Locally significant upland forest (28 ha).
N29 - Hurdman Creek Black Ash
Regionally significant lowland forest complex (63 ha).
N30 - Dickson Lake Hemlock
Provincially significant upland forest (39 ha).
N31 - Cayuga Lake Hemlock
Provincially significant upland forest complex (660 ha).
N32 - Dividing Lake White Pine
Provincially significant upland forest & old growth (496 ha).
N33 - Big Crow White Pine
Provincially significant upland forest (208 ha).
N34 - Old Pine Reserve
Regionally significant upland forest (78 ha).
N35 - Anglin-Dickson White Pine
Provincially significant upland forest (290 ha).
N36 - Carl Wilson White Pine And Kame
Regionally significant upland forest complex. Regionally significant kame moraine (256 ha).
N37 - Crow River Young White Pine
Locally significant upland forest (38 ha).
N38 - Nipissing Valley White Pine Stand
Locally significant upland forest (24 ha).
N40 - Lavieille Red Pine
Regionally significant upland forest (79 ha).
N41 - Opeongo Red Pine
Locally significant upland forest (104 ha).
N42 - Crow River Jack Pine
Locally significant upland forest (33 ha).
N43 - Bonnechere Jack Pine
Regionally significant upland forest (47 ha).
N44 - Carcajou Jack Pine
Provincially significant upland forest (398 ha).
N45 - Cauliflower Lake Red Spruce
Locally significant upland and lowland forest complex (25 ha).
N46 - Bruton And Clyde Red Spruce
Provincially significant upland forest complex (585 ha).
N47 - Oak Lake Red Spruce
Provincially significant upland forest and wetland complex (174 ha).
N48 - Rosebary Lake
Provincially significant Beach & upland forest complex (746 ha).
N49 - Tarn Lake
Provincially significant upland forest, open outcrop & wetland complex (1483 ha).
N50 - Carcajou Bay/Spectacle Lakes
Provincially significant upland forest and wetland complex (1084 ha).
N51 - Devil's Chute
Regionally significant upland & shoreline complex (542 ha).
N52 - Found Lake
Regionally significant floristic site (95 ha).
N53 - Upper Pine River
Provincially significant wetland & intolerant upland forest complex (1109 ha).
N54 - High Falls
Locally significant upland complex (100 ha).
N55 - Petawawa Rapids
Provincially significant upland forest, lowland & shoreline complex. Part of the Ottawa Bonnechere Graben. (1927 ha).
N56 - Bog Lemming Site
Locally significant mammal population site (18 ha).
N57 - Barron River Canyon
Provincially significant upland forest and outcrop complex. Part of the Ottawa Bonnechere Graben (1076 ha).
N58 - White Partridge Creek Cliff
Regionally significant floristic site (100 ha).
N59 - Crow Lake Cliff
Regionally significant cliff complex (40 ha).
N60 - Eustache Lake
Provincially significant aquatic & upland complex (835 ha).
N61 - Hilliard Lake Fern Stand
Regionally significant floristic site (33 ha).
N62 - Brent Crater
Meteor crater. A provincially significant upland and lowland complex (1199 ha).
N63 - Brent Limestone Cliff
Regionally significant bedrock complex (8 ha).
N64 - Tim River Burn
Provincially significant upland meadow complex (1014 ha).
N65 - Cauchon Lake Burn
Regionally significant upland & forest complex (263 ha).
N66 - Merchant Lake Blow-Down
Locally significant upland forest (96 ha).
N67 - Crow Lake Blowdown
Regionally significant natural succession process (609 ha).
N68 - Manitou Lake Blowdown
Locally significant upland forest (112 ha).
N69 - Coldspring Watershed
Provincially significant watershed unit. Regionally significant moraine & eskers. (4914 ha).
N70 - Greenleaf Creek Watershed
Provincially significant watershed (70 ha).
N71 - Berm Lake Bog
Regionally significant peatland (53 ha).
N72 - Charles Lake White Pine
Regionally significant forest stand (102 ha).
N73 - Lake Lavieille Hemlock
Provincially significant upland forest (45 ha).
N74 / N85 - Lake Traverse Dune Complex
Provincially significant upland forest and wetland. Provincially significant inland dune field. (373 ha).
N75 - Mud Bay Aquatics
Regionally significant aquatic floristic complex (131 ha).
N76 - Spoor Lake
Provincially significant upland and wetland complex (552 ha).
N77 - Chainfern Bog
Regionally significant wetland (17 ha).
N78 - Minnehaha Lake Kame Moraine
Regionally significant glaciofluvial landforms (eskers, kettles, and kame moraines) (839 ha).
N80 - Loontail Lake Gravelly Moraine
Regionally significant gravelly moraine (490 ha).
N81 - Wilkes Lake Ice Marginal Delta
Regionally significant kame complex (99 ha).
N82 - Robitaille Creek Terraces
Regionally significant erosional terraces (95 ha).
N84 - Lake Travers Degeer Moraines
Provincially significant Degeer-type moraines (178 ha).
N86 - Radiant Lake Kame Terraces
Provincially significant ice contact kame terraces (176 ha).
N87 - Big Crow Lake Esker Complex
Regionally significant esker complex (260 ha).
N88 - White Partridge Lake Erosional Moraine Terraces
Provincially significant erosional terraces (245 ha).
N89 - McKaskill Lake Kame Complex
Regionally significant kame esker complex, ice contact face (259 ha).
N90 - Grand Lake Ice Marginal Channels
Regionally significant ice marginal channels (183 ha).
N91 - Fizgerald Township Moraine
Regionally significant large moraine (226 ha).

Special Management Areas in Algonquin Park

From the Algonquin Park Management Plan:

Provincially and regionally significant earth science sites have been designated Nature Reserve Zones to provide then with the highest form of protection. Larger assemblages, some regionally significant features, and small features of local significance are protected in Special Management Areas.

Achray Beaches/Deposits
Locally significant beach ridges, off-shore deposits (37 ha).
Biggar Twp Gravelly Moraine
Regionally significant gravelly moraine (13414 ha).
Bonnechere Valley Outwash System
Regionally significant outwash system (2933 ha).
Booth Lake Delta
Regionally significant outwash delta (128 ha).
Brent Fluted Till Plain
Regionally significant fluted till, drumlins (150 ha).
Bronson-Straton Outwash Plain
Regionally significant outwash plain, meltwater channels (7575 ha).
Clemow Lake Drumlin Group
Regionally significant drumlins (91 ha).
Coldspring Lake/Carl Wilson Complex
Regionally significant Kame esker complex (11640 ha).
Forbes Creek Meltwater Channel
Locally significant meltwater channel (1911 ha).
Grand Lake Boulder Pavement
Regionally significant boulder lag (42 ha).
Grand Lake Tombolo
Locally significant tombolo (22 ha).
Grassy Bay Kame Complex
Locally significant Kame-esker complex (737 ha). (Protected within the Grassy Bay Mog nature reserve and the Burnt Island Wilderness Zone.)
Grosbeak Creek Outwash/Kame Terraces
Regionally significant ice contact material, eskers, kettle (546 ha).
Hogan Lake Esker
Locally significant esker kame (225 ha).
Lake Travers Outwash Plain
Regionally significant glaciofluvial landforms (7416 ha).
Lake Of Two Rivers Outwash Plain
Locally significant outwash plain (1391 ha).
Modern Fluvial Deltas (3)
Locally significant modern fluvial deposits (69 ha).
North Rouge Creek Drumlins
Regionally significant drumlins, drumlinoidal features (1697 ha).
Notsolong Lake Esker
Locally significant large esker (299 ha).
Oxtounge River Outwash Plain
Locally significant outwash plain (674 ha).
Petawawa Terraces
Regionally significant erosional terraces (318 ha).
Proulx Lake Outwash
Regionally significant outwash plain, Kame complex (492 ha).
Radiant Lake Kame Terraces
Regionally significant Kame esker complex (508 ha).
Sunfish Lake Moraininc Ridge
Locally significant small moraine (91 ha).
White Partridge Lake Spillway
Locally significant outwash plain, meltwater channels (3185 ha).

Other

Historical Zones in Algonquin Park

Sources

Ministry of Natural Resources (1998), Algonquin Provincial Park Management Plan, Queen's printer for Ontario.

Winifred (Cairns) Wake, John Cartwright, Anne Champagne, Kathy Parker, and Martin Parker, eds. (1997), A Nature Guide to Ontario, University of Toronto Press.